Friday, 20 October 2017

Sanamka beenta ah, qabiil

Hal shay oo aan Somaliland aad ugu necebahay waa in wax walba lagu eego muraayadda qabiilka. Waa is bahdilid. Gumaystaha ayaa aad ugu nuux nuuxsaday sidii uu uga dhaadhicin lahaa Afrikaanka inaanay ahayn dad caqli leh oo u fekeri kara, u dhaqmi kara, si qofnimo iyo ilbaxnimo leh. Markaa wuxuu ku dooday in aragtida qofka madow ay tahay uun qoomiyadiisa iyo qabiilkiisa. Doodaasi waxaay u aragtaa qofka modow inuu yahay ruux hooseeya oo aan la mid ahayn cadaanka. Yasidaas bay dadkii waxbartay ee Afrikaanka ahaa qaateen. Bal eeg Somaliland tan haybta loo gumoobay ee adoonka loo noqday sanamka beenta ah ee reer hebel.

Qabiilku marka hore ba waa been la dhoob dhoobay iyo dad is urursaday ee arin run ah oo ku sal leh hayb sax ah iyo aabe guud oo dadka wada dhalay maaha. Odayga ama habarta lagu abtirsadaa waa been abuur la samaystay si loo helo wax ay ku midoobi karaan dadku. Beentii caynkaas ahayd waxaay gaadhay heer ay si toos ah u gumaysato maanka qofk oo u noqda adoon aan leexan karin.

Ninka cadi wuxuu ku dooday, oo ku qoray buug cilmi loo dhigto, inay sahlan tahay inaad fahamto Afrikaanka. Waayo? Waydii uun cidiisa, waad garanaysaa fekerkiisa. Yasidaasi maaha mid ku kooban in Afrikaanku ka dabo dhacay hayb markay siyaasad noqoto, balse waxaay meesha ka saaraysaa in aad u aragto qofka madow inuu yahay ruux aadane ah oo caqli, baahi, dano iyo xidhiidho leh oo gaadhi kara go'aano noloshiisa quseeya isaga oo aan ku qasbanayn sida ay u arkaan reer hebel/qoomiyad.

Habka fekerka caynkaas ahi waa mid qaldan. Afrikaanku (Somalilander ku) waa qof caadiya oo fekera, dano leh, kooxo ku jira, shabakado ka mid ah, deris leh, xidid leh, abti leh. Wuu yeelan karaa, waana inuu yeeshaa aragti u gaar ah iyo go'aan shaqsi ah oo ka duwanaan kara reer hebel.

Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland

Qoraalada aan boggan ku qoraa waa aragtidayda gaarka ah oo aanan cidna ku metelin.


Wednesday, 6 September 2017

Dooda Golaha Wasiiradda Somalia waa mid aan dastuurka iyo sharciga waafaqsanayn

Aamusnaan dheer kadib, dawladda Somalia waxaay ka hadashay nin la yidhaahdo Cabdikariin Shiikh Muuse Qalbi Dhagax oo la sheegay in loo dhiibay Itoobiya. Dad badan oo Somali ah baa sababo iyo ujeedooyin kala duwan dartood uga hadlay dhiibista Cabdikariin. Canaan wayn baa dusha laga saaray xukuumadda Madaxwayne Farmaajo. In dawladi u dhiibto eedaysane dawlad kale maaha wax cusub iyo arin iskeed qalad u ah toona. Qaanuunka Somalia iyo ka caalamiga ah labaduba way ka hadlaan oo sharci cad baa ka yaal sida eedaysanayaal la isku waydaarsan karo.

Jawaabta ay hada bixisay dawladda Somalia waa dood aan sal ku fadhiyin sababo dhawr ah dartood. Waa marka hore, dawladda Somalia umay marin dhiibista Cabdikariim sifo waafaqsan dastuurka Somalia iyo Xeerka Habka Ciqaabta toona. Sidaasdarteed, xitaa hadii ay ahayd sax in la dhiibo Cabdikariin qaabka loo maray wuxuu ka dhigayaa sharci darro. Waxa waajib ku ahayd dawladda Somalia inay ixtiraamto sharciga u yaal dalka oo ay mariso qaanuunka habka ay dhiibtay Cabdikariim.

 Sida ku cad qodobka 36aad ee Dastuurka ku meel gaadhka ah ee Somalia, waa inuu jiraa marka hore heshiis dhex maray Somalia iyo Itoobiya. Heshiiskaas oo uu ansixiyay Baarlamaanka Somalia. Waxa Somalia eedaysane u celin kartaa oo keliya dal uu ka dhexeeyo heshiis caalami ah oo uu ansixiyay Baarlamaanku.

Sida ku cad qodobka 279 ee Xeerka Habka Ciqaabta Somalia, eedaysane waxa dal shisheeye loo dhiibi karaa oo keliya marka uu sidaas go’aamiyo gudoomiyaha Maxkamadda Rafcaanka ee gobolka uu qofku joogo. Go’aanka dhoofinta ee Maxkamadda Rafcaanku soo saartay waxa qofku uga rafcaan qadan karaa Maxkamadda Sare. Taas macneheedu waxa weeye qof waxa dal kale u dhiibi kara oo keliya garsoorka marka uu dhegaysto xeer-ilaalinta iyo qofka la dhoofinayo oo fursad loo siiyo inuu is difaaco. Marka dhamaan rafcaanku dhamaado kadib ayaa qof la dhoofin karaa.

Sidaasdarteed, dhiibista Cabdikariin waxaay si toos ah uga soo horjeedda Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka ah ee Somalia iyo Xeerka Habka Ciqaabta Somalia. Waxaay sidoo kale gef ku tahay qaanuunka caalamiga ah.

Dawladda Somalia waa inay ixtiraamtaa sharcigeeda oo hadii ay doonayso inay la yeelato dal kale is waydaarsi eedaysanayaal, waa inay marka hore heshiis caynkaas ah ula gasha si waafaqsan dastuurka, kadibna waa inay u martaa hanaanka ku xusan Xeerka Habka Ciqaabta.

Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland
Guleid waa qareen ka hawl gala Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland.


Qoraalkani waa aragtidiisa gaarka ah oo aanu cidna ku metelin.

Tuesday, 22 August 2017

Xeerka Maxkamadda Distuuriga ah

Qodobka 101 ee Dastuurka Somaliland ayaa sheegaya in Maxkamadda Sare tahay Maxkamadda Dastuurka. Shaqo ahaan way kala duwan yihin shaqada Maxkamadda Sare iyo Maxkamadda Dastuurka. Dastuurku wax faah faahin ah kama bixinayo hab raaca loo marayo dacwadaha dastuuriga ah iyo sida ay u dhagaysanayso dacwadaha. Maadama oo dawladii hore ee Somalia ay ahayd dawlad keligii talis ah, waxaan sidoo kale jirin shuruuc hore ama dhaqan jiray oo arinkaas loo raaci karo. Sidaasdarteed, Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah shaqadeeda iyo habraaceedu wuxuu noqday mid aan aqoon loo lahayn.

Xeerka Nidaamka Garsoorka, Xeer Lr. 24/2003, ayaa ah xeerka sida gaarka ah uga hadla garsoorka. Qodobka 6aad ee Xeerka Nidaamka Garsoorka ayaa ka hadla Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah. Qodobku wuxuu si guud u sheegayaa waxyaabaha ay u xilsaaran tahay Maxkamaddu. Haseyeeshee waxaanu dejin hab raac u gaar ah oo loo maro dacwadaheeda. Taasina waxaay curyaamisay shaqada Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah oo ku dhex milantay Maxkamadda Sare.

Maxkamadda Dastuuuriga ahi way ka duwan tahay ruux ahaan iyo ujeedo ahaanba maxkamadaha kale. Loomana raaci karo dacwadeheeda si la mid ah dacwadaha kale. Sidaasdarteed, waxa daruuri ahayd in la helo xeer u gaar ah Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah. Nasiib darro Somaliland ma laha xeerkaas. Taasina waxaay jaah wareer ku riday qareenada, maxkamadda lafteeda, dadwaynaha iyo dawladda.

Maadama oo ay Somaliland tahay dal leh dastuur ah ka u sareeya dalka, waxa waajib ah in Xeer Dejintu ay samayso xeer u gaar ah Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah. Xeerkaas oo faah-faahinaya hababka loogu soo gudbin karo dacwad, cidda u soo gudbin karta, qaabka ay u qaban karto ama u diidi karto, sida ay u go’aan qaadan karto iyo nooca uu yahay waxa ka soo baxaya Maxkamadda.
Hadii aad si dhow ugu fiirsato go’aanada ka soo baxay Maxkamadda tan iyo 2001 dii markii dastuurka la sameeyey, waa kuwo aan isku mid ahayn qaab ahaan iyo nuxur ahaan toona. Badiyaana way ka hooseeyeen halbeegga laga filan karo maxkamad caynkan oo kale ah. Sababaha qaaarkood waa aqoonta dastuur ee aad u hoosayso ee guud haaan bahda sharciga Somaliland ka haysta dastuurka iyo falsafadiisa oo aan la isku hawlin akhriskeeda iyo dersideeda iyo xaasaasiyadda siyaasadeed ee mar walba ku gadaaman dacwadaha caynkan ah, balse waxa rukun wayn u ah maqnaanshaha Xeerka Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah.


Sidaasdarteed, murashixiinta u tartamaysa madaxnimada Somaliland waa inay qorshaha ku darsadaan ina sameeyaan Xeerka Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah iyo in la helo qodob sharci oo ku waajibinaya guud ahaan garsoorayaasha Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah inay dhigtaan casharo si gaar ah loogu qaabeyey barashada falsafada iyo fiqiiga dastuurka iyada oo ay dawladdu u raadinayso ilo ka gacan siin kara oo fursadaas abuuri kara. 

Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland
Guleid waa qareen ka hawl gala Somaliland oo ka hor dooday Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah iyo Maxkamadda Sare. 


Qoraalada aan boggan ku qoraa waa aragtidayda gaarka ah oo aanan cidna ku metelin.

Sunday, 16 July 2017

Somaliland: doorashada ayaa ka muhiimsan murashixiinta








Astaamaha Kulmiye, Waddani iyo UCID

Reer Somaliland doorasho ayay u dareeri doonaan 13 November mase yaqaaniin waxaay ku kala duwan yihiin sadexda nin ee u tartamaya kursiga u wayn dalka yar ee aan weli la aqoonsan.

Siyaasadda Somaliland weligeed waxa hage u ahaa qabiilnimada. Siyaasiyiintu waxaay ku baratamaan taageerada reeraha. Iskuma na hawlaan siyaasado iyo barnaamijyo ay ku maamuli karaan dalka.

Mudadii u danbaysay waxa sii xoogaystay hadalada kakan ee dhex maraya taageerayaasha labada xisbi ee u wayn Somaliland. Inkasta oo aan la gaadhin xilligii ololaha doorasho loo geli lahaa, hadana waxa ka socda Somaliland olole aan rasmi ahayn.

Xisbiyadu iskuma hayaan wax kala duwanaansho aragtiyeed ah iyo mid ku saabsan barnaaamijyada ay qaban doonaan. Waxa ay ku kala duwan yihiin waa beelaha ay ka soo kala jedaaan murashixiinta iyo xulufaysiga reereed ee ay abuureen.

Waa dhayalsi aan sax ahayn hadii siyaasadda Somaliland lagu tilmaamo mid qabyaalad keliya ah. Balse qabiilku waa udub dhexaad. Waxa se mar walba jira dano kooxeed sida ganacsatada, ashqaas dano qofnimo leh iyo qaar kale.

Hadaba, dadka aadka u kala taageera xisbiyada Somaliland, gaar ahaan xagga baraha bulshada, waa dad ay da’doodu ka hoosayso 35 jir. Waxa haboonaan lahayd inay ku eegaan tartanka waxa ugu jira mustaqbalkooda oo aanay noloshooda ku hallayn siyaasiyiin ugu ordaya kursiga si ay u gaadhaan dano shaqsi ah.

Dhibaatooyinka badan ee Somaliland ka jira cidina wax kama qabanayso hadii aan la helin shacab codka ku dhiibta si xor ah iyaga oo ku sallaynaya cidda wax uga qaban karta baahiyaha jira.

 Dadku way ku qasban yihiin inay sadexda xisbi kala doortaan 13 November 2017, balse kuma qasbana inay isku nacaan oo ay ku abuuraan kala fogaansho iyo is diid aan micno ku fadhiyin.


Muhiimadda u wayni waa inay dhacdo doorasho xor ah oo xalaal ah oo ku dhamaatan si nabad ah. Wax kasta oo intaas lidi ku ah waa in meel looga soo wada jeesto xisbi kata oo la yahay iyo hadii aan xisbi lagu jirin ba.

Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland



Qoraalada aan boggan ku qoraa waa aragtidayda gaarka ah oo aanan cidna ku metelin.

Tuesday, 6 June 2017

The disarmament in Mogadishu has flaws that will lead to failure

The government of Somalia started a disarmament in Mogadishu to collect weapons from militias. The exercise was taken to respond growing and intensifying security threats challenging the existence and operations of the newly formed government of Somalia.  The government proposed an initiate to stabilize Mogadishu, the seat of the government, which experiences attacks almost on daily basis.

Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) are important steps for post-conflict situations. The three go hand in hand and cannot be separated. 

Disarmament involves collecting arms including heavy and light weapons form the civilians. It cannot achieve its goal if combatants are not controlled in demobilisation and reintegration process.  

Above all, disarmament should be carried out after a successful reconciliation. In Somalia, true and meaningful reconciliation has not been done. Hence the militias and clan leaders do not trust the government. Asking them to hand over their weapon in devoid of reconciliation is hard to achieve its purpose. That is why DDR shall be part of a wider peacebuilding process. The current scheme of the government lacks the basics of DDR.

DDR cannot be confined to Mogadishu. Mogadishu is the government seat and important place for the stabilization of Somalia. However, DDR should be part of a strong and viable plan that is intended to cover the entire country. Such plan should be put in place in open and inclusive consultations integrated with a bottom-up peacebuilding process.  

It is a grave mistake to consider the war in Somalia as one solely between violent extremists and government. The conflict of Somalia started long before al Shabaab emerged. Al Shabaab took advantage of a disintegration, chaos and anarchy. Addressing these serious and complex issues requires holistic approach.   

 Somaliland as a case study

The manner Somaliland controlled the militias and arms after it declared independence in 1991 can help Somalia. Somaliland refused to accept DDR. Instead it opted its own way compatible with the context and political realities. Instead of collecting arms from civilians, the government took a nationwide Nationalisation of arms and combatants. The militias were called to join the army with their weapon. In this way the government addressed two main challenges; clan tension and shortage of government soldiers.

 First, clans did not feel threatened because the government has not taken away the weapon from them, but it recruited the clan militias with their weapon into the army. Second, the government was able to get more soldiers and systematically eliminated rival armed groups.

Whether it chooses DDR or Nationalisation, the government of Somalia shall first and foremost make an authentic reconciliation in which justice is integral part.

Guleid Ahmed Jama, LL.B, MA
Hargeisa Somaliland


The views expressed in here are the author's own.

Saturday, 3 June 2017

Hub ka dhigista Muqdisho xal miyay tahay?

Maalmahan waxa caasimadda Somalia ee Muqdisho ka socday hawlgal la yidhi waxa lagu xasilinayaa magaalada oo dhibaato badan oo xagga amniga ahi haysto. Hawlgalku wuxuu ku wajahan yahay in hub ka dhigis lagu sameeyo dadka sida sharci darada ah ugu haysta hub gudaha magaalada. Dadka qaar ayaa cabasho ka muujiyay, mararna isku dhac hubaysan ayaa dhex maray dawladda iyo maleeshiyo hubka laga dhigayay.  

Somalia dagaalo midabo iyo ujeedooyin badan leh ayaa mudo dheer ka socday. Hub badan baa gacmaha qabiillo, ganacsato, ururo iyo ashqaas galay. Si hubkaas gacanta dawladda loogu soo celiyo laba hab oo waawayn ayaa la mari karaa.

1.      Hub ka dhigis (disarmament)

Hub ka dhigistu waa hab ku qasbaya cid kasta oo aan ka tirsanayn ciidamada dawladda inay gacanta hubka soo geliyaan dawladda. Shaki kuma jiro in hub ku jira cid aan dawladda ahayni inuu halis amni yahay, haseyeeshee hadii aad bilawdid inaad dadka hubka ka ururisid si qasab ah adiga oo aan samayn dib u heshiisiin waa arin halis kale leh.

Hub ka dhigistu waxaay guulaysan kartaa marka cidda hubka haysta iyo dawladda ay wada hadal galaan oo ay siyaasad ahaan heshiis yihiin. Somalia wax dib u heshiisiin ahi kama dhicin. 

Sidaasawgeed dadku isma aaminsana. Waa ta keentay in beelaha Xamar degaa ay shaki ka muujiyaan hubka dhigista oo ay u arkaan inaan gobolada kale ee dalka lagu baahin. Dagaalka Somalia lama kawsan al Shabaab ee wuu ka horeeyey. Waxaay Somalia dadkeedu isku dileen qabaa’il. Talaabada koowaad ee ay tahay dawladdu inay qaado waa inay dib u heshiisiin run ah oo hoosta ka soo unkatay ay samayso (bottom up).

Qorshe hub ka dhigis

Qorshaha hub ka dhigistu waa inuu noqdaa mid dalka oo dhan ku baahsan oo aan meel qudha ku wajahnayn. Guud ahaa dadka hubka haysta oo dhan waa in loo dejiyaa hanaan lagaga qaado hubka. Waa dhici kartaa inaan hub ka dhigistu hal mar wada bilaabmin. Balse ugu yaraan waa inuu jiraa qorshe buuxa oo dalkoo dhan ku baahsan.

2.      Qaramayn

Habka labaad ee muhiimka ah ee cid hub lagaga qaadi karaa waa qaramaynta. Qaramayntu waa hanaan ay ku guulaysatay Somaliland. Marka la eego isku eekaanshaha labada shacab, waxa lagu doodi karaa in Somalia ay u haboon tahay inay qaadato habka qaramaynta oo ay iska dayso hub ka dhigista.

Qaramaynta waxa sal u ah in hubka cidda haysta iyada iyo hubkeedaba lagu soo daro ciidanka dawladda halkii ay hubka uun ka soo wareejin lahayeen. Arinkani wuxuu dawo ka yahay cabsida ay qabaan cidda hubka haysta waayo weli waxaay haystaa hubkeedi oo lama faro maroojin sidaadarteeed ammaan ayay daramaysyaa. Waa midda kale e, dawladda waxaay u soo kordhisaa hub iyo ciidan cusub oo tiro badan. Habkani waa halis badan yahay hadii aanay jirin dib u heshiisiin keentay in kalsooni dawladda lagu qabo iyo inuu jiro qaab la isku dhexgeliyo ciidanka. Hadii guuto waliba ka koobnaato hal cid taasi maaha qaramayn ee waxa abuurmaya maleeshiyooyin aan dawladda ka amar qaadan markay doonaan.

Qaramaynta waxa lagu tijaabiyay Somaliland oo dadkii horkacay ay khibrad ku biirin karaan Somalia si maaro loogu helo labada arimood ee caqadada ah; 1. Ciidan aan dawladdu lahayn oo hub sita 2. Shacabka oo ka baqaya inay hubkooda iska dhiibaan.

Somalia labada hab kay qaadatoba waa inaanay iska indho tirin muhiimadda ay leedahay dib u heshiisiintu. Inta badan siyaasiyiinta Somalia way iska indho tiraan colaadihii ka horeeyey al Shabaab oo waxaay u hadlaan una dhaqmaan sidii oo colaadu la bilaaban tahay kooxaha xagjirka ah. Runtu se waxaay tahay iyaga hortood baa Somalia la isku dilay.

Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland




Qoraalada aan boggan ku qoraa waa aragtidayda gaarka ah oo aanan cidna ku metelin.

Wednesday, 17 May 2017

18-ka May maxaa loo dabaal degaa?

















Xuska iyo dabaal degga maalin si gaar ah u astaysani macno ay ku fadhido ayaa jira. Waa inay jirtaa nuxur ku duugaan dharaartaas oo ay kaga duwan tahay maalmaha kale. Maalmaha qaar waa murugo; maalmaha qaar waa farxad.

18-ka May maxaa loo dabaal degaa? Hadii ay noqoto caado oo aan la iska sameeyo uun, waa qasaare. Dadkuna ugu danbaynta way ka daalayaan. Haa oo 18-ka May waa maalintii lagu dhawaaqay gooni isu taagga Somaliland oo sheegtay in laga bilaabo 18 May 1991 uu buray midowgii ka dhexeeyey Somaliland iyo Somalia ee abuuray Jamhuuriyaddii Soomaalida. Waxa lagu dhawaaqay in goboladii Woqooyi ee Jamhuuriyadda Soomaalidu ay goosteen inay gaar noqdaan iyaga oo ka duulaya sidii xaalku ahaa 1da July 1960 ka hor.

Haseyeeshee arinku intaas keliya maaha. Sababta Somaliland loo abuuray maaha caashaq ay u qabtay dawladnimo, nacayb ay u haysay Somalia, sal fudayd iyo deg degsiinyo. Sababtu waxaay ahayd in la saluugay qiyam kii iyo arkaantii ay ku taagayd dawladii laga duday.

Waxa la isla qaatay in la sameeyo dawlad 1. Shacabku leeyahay oo isaga ay gacanta ugu jirto taladu, 2. In qofku sharaf iyo karaamo leeyahay oo aan ka kursiga ku fadhiyaa u awood sheegan, 3. In dawladdu noqoto mid dastuurku dabro. Sadexdaas mabda’ waxa lagu xardhay dastuurka. Waxaana dastuurku sheegay in sababta goonida loo noqday ay tahay in laga fogaado dawlad keligii talis ah oo aan ixtiraamin xaqa dadka.

Dadka reer Somaliland waxaay ku yidhaahdeen hordhaca dastuurka markay sababaynayeen waxa ay u samaysteen dastuur iyo dawlad u gaar ah “IYADOO UU WAAYO-ARAG U YAHAY cidhib-xumada iyo dhibaatada xukunka ku dhisan talo-maroorsiga iyo keli-talisnimada ee dalku ku soo jiray muddo ka badan labaatan sannadood, kana feejigan dib-u-soo noqoshada xukun noocaas ah….”

Sidaasdarteed, ujeedada Somaliland loo abuuray ee ay ku dhisan tahay waa dawladda shacabku ka sareeyo.

Qodobka 1aad ee dastuurku wuxuu sheegayaa “awoodda iyo karaamada Qaranimada waxa leh shacbiga…” Mar kale ayuu dastuurku adkeeyey midaas oo wuxuu qodobka 37aad ku sheegay “Eebbaha ummadda Somaliland ku beeray geyigani waxa uu ugu deeqay awood iyo karaamo Qaranimo. Shacbiga Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland waxa uu awooddaas iyo karaamadaas sida ku cad Dastuurka u igmaday dawlad ku dhisnaan doonta kuna dhaqmi doonta Dastuurka”.

Ma yara qodobada dastuurka ku qoran ee ka hadlaya qiyamka ay ku dhisan tahay Somaliland.
Waxa loo dabaal degayaa waa inay markaas noqodaan mabaadidaas. Waa in la eegaa in la ilaaliyay iyo in kale. Hadii la ilaaliyay waa farxad. Hadii aan la ilaalin waa la is xisaabiyaa oo la yidhaahdaa ha la ilaaliyo.

Nuxur ku waxa weeye 18 May taariikh la werinayo maaha ee waa dhacdo ku suntan arin sal balaadhan. Ha ilaawin waxaay Somaliland u taagan tahay.


Farxad ku dabaal degga dhamaantiin. Eebe ha dhawro Jamhuuriyadda barakaysan ee Somaliland.

Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland



Qoraalada aan boggan ku qoraa waa aragtidayda gaarka ah oo aanan cidna ku metelin.

Monday, 8 May 2017

"Amar dawle mudeec ninkii diidaa dabaal

Amar dawle mudeec, ninkii diidaa dabaal. Inkasta oo lahjad ahaan aan filayo in odhaahdani koonfur ka timi, hadana waxaad moodaa inay noqotay falsafad siyaasadeed oo dad badani qaateen. Dhaqankii Siyaad Barre ee ahaa in lagu danaysto dawladnimada ayaa isna malaha xoojiyay. Metelan qofka aragtidan qabaa waa waaqici. Wuxuu u arkaa in dawladda loo guul wadeeyo hadii kale danahaaga shaqsiga ahi ay kaa kala daadanayaan. Waa run marka sidaas loo eego. Waa se dhibaato culus marka danta guud la eego iyo waaritaanka dawladnimada.

 Sideedaba uma eeka odhaahdani mid dadka xoolo dhaqatada ah ee reer miyiga ah ee dhistay dawladnimada Somaliland ay hindiseen. Falsafadda is xukun ee reer miyigu waa mid cajiib ah. Waa dimoqraadi. Waa xor oo marka geedka la joogo qofku aragtidiisa lama gaban jirin, laguma ceebaysan jirin, lagumana dhibi jirin.

 Qofka xil loo dhiibanayo waxyhaabaha u muhiiimsan ee lagu eegi jirayna waxa ka mid ah dulqaadka. Odayga reerku hadii aanu u dul qaadan karin shacabkiisa oo ay ka mid yihiin xitaa kuwa qalafsan ee hadalka xun, xil looma dhiiban jirin. Tusaale ahaan sheekooyinka Soomaalida waxa ka mid ah nin soo doontay xil oo ilme yar loo soo diray si uu edeb darro ugu sameeyo. Qaladka ilmaha yar kas buu u sameeyey. Inuu qalad yahayn la iskuma haysan. Ujeedada ka wayn ee laga lahaa ayaa ah in qofka madaxda ahi uu DULQAAD leeyahay. Bala hada eeg maanta dunida casriga ah waxa xudun u ah is xukunka bulshada dimoqraadiga ah dulqaad.



Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland




Qoraalada aan boggan ku qoraa waa aragtidayda gaarka ah oo aanan cidna ku metelin.

Tuesday, 11 April 2017

Warbixin cusub oo sheegtay in tahriibayaasha lagu adoonsado dalka Liibiya















Sawirka waxa leh IOM

 Hay’adda Qaramada Midoobay u qaabilsan socdaalka ayaa sheegtay in dadka Afrikaanka ah ee ku taga tahriibka Liibiya loo iibiyo adoomo ahaan, qaar lagu qasbo shaqo, kuwo kalena loo gaysto tacadi xagga galmada ah.

Qofa waxa adoon ahaan loogu iibiyaa ilaa shan boqol oo doolar, sida ay sheegtay Ururka Caalamiga ah ee Socdaalka (International Organization for Migration).

Hay’adu waxaay sheegtay inuu Liibya ka jiro suuq dadka lagu kala iibsado. Dadkaas oo ay ku shaqaystaan dadka iibsada; waxbay u dhisaan, beerahana way ku qotaan.

Adoonsigan casriga ah ee ka jira Liibiya wuu sii xoogaysanayaa. Dadka ku dhinta inta la hayo ama lagu shaqaysanayo ayaa lagu aasaa xabaalo aan la calaamadin iyada oo qoysaskoodu aanay ogayn meel ay jaan iyo cidhib dhigeen.

Warbixinta naxdinta leh ee ay soo saartay hay’adu ayaa ah mid dhiilo wayn xanbaarsan oo ay tahay in dadka Soomaalida ah lagu baraarujiyo khatarta wayn ee ka jirta dalka Liibiya. 

Warbixinta oo dhamaystiran ka eeg bogga Ururka Caalamiga ah ee Socdaalka: 
https://www.iom.int/news/iom-learns-slave-market-conditions-endangering-migrants-north-africa

Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland




Qoraalada aan boggan ku qoraa waa aragtidayda gaarka ah oo aanan cidna ku metelin.


Saturday, 8 April 2017

Xadhig ma la iibsan karaa?

 Mararka qof la xukumo su’aalaha dadku is waydiiyaan waxa ka mid ah xadhig ma la iibsan karaa? Waxaan jeclaystay inaan arinkaas iftiimiyo sharciyan.

Horta ma jiro xadhig habayaraadee la iibsan karaa. Xadhigu madax furasho qofka loo haysto maaha. Haseyeeshee marka qofka lagu xukumo xadhig aan ka badnay hal sano, garsooraha xukumay qofka waxa u banaan marka uu codsado ka la xukumay ee uu qiimeeyo inuu ugu bedelo mudada xadhiga ganaax.

Tusaale ahaan hadii qof lagu xukumay lix bilood. Qofkuna aanu bulshada halis ku ahayn, qaabka uu dembiga u galay aanay muujinayn arxan xumo iyo bahalnimo, ama qofkuba buko wuxu garsooruhu ugu bedeli karaa xukunkii lixda bilood ahaa ganaax.

Hadii aan soo koobo:
1.      Xadhig marna lama iibsan karo;
2.      Xadhiga ka yar hal sano waxa lagu bedeli karaa, hadii garsooruhu yeelo, ganaax;
3.      Qasab kuma aha garsooraha inuu xadhiga ka yar sanadka ku bedelo ganaax;
4.      Awood uma laha garsooruhu xadhig ka badan hal sano (haba noqdo hal sano iyo maaline) inuu ku bedelo ganaax.


Guleid Ahmed Jama
Hargeisa Somaliland



Qoraalada aan boggan ku qoraa waa aragtidayda gaarka ah oo aanan cidna ku metelin.